Rule of Law and Access to Justice
Rule of Law and Access to Justice in Viet Nam
Since the doi moi reform process began in 1986, Viet Nam has made significant steps forward in the area of legal reform to facilitate the country’s transition to a market-oriented economy.
Despite reforms in the 1992 constitution to develop the rule of law, it was clear that a long-term vision for a comprehensive and systematic reform agenda in the legal and judicial sector was missing. This realization led to a joint-government-donor study of what was needed in the area of legal reform. This study resulted in the Legal System Development Strategy to 2010 with vision to 2020 (LSDS), which lays out a plan for the next decade. This along, with the Judicial Reform Strategy, introduced in 2005 and the existing Public Administration Reform form what the Minister of Justice has called, the Triangle Reform Agenda.
UNDP Programme Priorities and Strategy
Against this backdrop, UNDP and its partners are currently supporting the implementation of the LSDS through a US$5 million project with the Ministry of Justice Programme called “Assistance for the Implementation of Vietnam’s Legal System Development Strategy to 2010.”
The main objective of this programme is to strengthen law-making and law-enforcement institutions to strengthen adherence to the rule of law and provide greater access to justice for all. This will come through improved efficiency of government administration, enhanced transparency and accountability in governance structures and processes, the establishment of high performance standards and ensuring that people at all levels and groups have the opportunity to participate in policy and decision-making.